Trier The event was held at the Scientific Library in the city of Trier on Thursday to mark the establishment of the International Center for Manuscript Research. Not only has Trier’s collection of outstanding historical books become clear, but the preservation of cultural heritage for future generations is also a major task.
By Alexander Skidweiler
“We are not on the same level as Vienna or Paris, but we are comparative,” said Trier Mayor Wolfram Leib, whose pride was evident at the inauguration of the International Center for Panduscript Research Trier (IZHT). ) Yesterday afternoon at the city’s scientific library in Trier. And there were two reasons for this reference: on the one hand, the head professor of the scientific library. Michael Mbach, who has been referring to the outstanding quality and enormous scope of the Trier manuscript over the years, said Lord Meyer, on the other hand, was pleased that Leib had been able to obtain it. Johanna Rachinger, Director of the Austrian National Library in Vienna, delivered the keynote address as a guest speaker. In fact, of the nearly 3,100 manuscripts in the state, about 1,300 have been placed in the Trier.
Leib thanked Prime Minister Malu Dreyer, who was present, for his support of the state government: “I know that protecting our cultural heritage is a major concern for you and the state government as a whole.” Leibe also emphasized the importance of digitizing documentary heritage. To secure it for future generations. At the same time, however, despite all the digitization, haptic experiences and descriptions of cultural heritage remain important to appreciate the medium of the book.
Dreyer was pleased to receive the mayor’s offer: “As a native of Trier and prime minister of the Rhineland-Palatinate, I am incredibly proud of the wealth we have and we can show here in this house,” said Dreyer, who, among other things, published Codex Agbarty. , Which is part of the 10th century UNESCO World Document Heritage, refers to the Adar Carolingian Gospel and the Gutenberg Bible as figureheads. According to the Prime Minister, the manuscript center is a further development of previous efforts to preserve the cultural heritage. Science will again find a special place for manuscript research. In this context, Dreyer also underscored the importance of digitizing manuscripts, making it possible for researchers around the world to make the concepts virtually accessible.
In his official speech, Rachinger confirmed that the scientific library in the city of Trier, along with its manuscript, incunabula, old print and extensive hold of papyrus, “looks very parallel to the Austrian National Library.” Referring to cultural scientist Aleda Asman, the director of the Vienna Library explained that the notion of cultural heritage, which at times had rather negative connotations, is now experiencing a new realization. Based on two quotes from Goethe – “What you inherited from your fathers / get it to own” Faust “and from the letter” Anyway, I hate everything that just teaches me without increasing my activity. Bring it to life ”- Rachinger has worked on the dynamics and dialectics of appreciating cultural heritage.
According to Rachinger, the appreciation of cultural heritage over the past few decades is not at least due to the efforts of the European Union to promote a common European cultural heritage and UNESCO’s efforts as part of the “Memory of the World”. Programs to preserve the world’s authentic heritage. The Pharaoh Convention of the Council of Europe, which emphasizes the social value of cultural heritage in the context of identity formation and determines the right to participate in cultural heritage, plays a role. On the other hand, the accumulated cultural heritage can also become a burden, so that the fixation on the greatness of the past hinders future thinking. In this context, Rachinzer referred to Nietzsche’s book, “The Benefits and Disadvantages of History for Life,” which he introduced by quoting a letter from the philosopher Goethe.
According to Rachinger, science has a role to play in the implications of cultural heritage on the one hand, and the dangers of understanding the past on the other. ” It does not ignore the dark side – for example, colonialism is called Rechinger – it opens a middle ground between past glory and condemnation. “But we need our experts,” said Rachinger.
Mbach explained that the center is based on a three-pillar model: first the scientific pillar, which deals with the introduction of research projects and improved presentation of holdings, then the second pillar preserves the cultural heritage by transferring analog transmission. Digital and finally “education” which can be summarized. The key here is to pass on the tradition to the next generation. According to Embach, small grants are also conceivable for young scientists.
Medieval Professor. Claudine Moulin, a professor of early German philology at the University of Trier, said he was sometimes asked why he came to Trier in 2003. According to Moulin, this is due not only to the excellent working conditions that the University of Trier offers, but also to the list of outstanding historical books. Trier’s call was therefore a “moment of joy” for him. Passing on cultural heritage is therefore not only about deciphering and interpreting the text, but also about perceiving the object of the book as a whole.
Using the Ada Gospel as an example, Moulin explains that a historical book has multiple lives, ranging from the advent of the Roman camouflage in ancient times to the final manuscript of the early modern era. This requires an interdisciplinary approach to research, which has ideal conditions in Trier for implementation. This is because, like many other libraries, Trier has no displacement holdings, meaning that despite medieval Norman invasions, the Thirty Years’ War, Napoleon’s rule, and World War II, Trier holdings have never been destroyed or stolen. Porta Nigra has always been here, “said Moulin.
Marcus Nohl, head of the cultural department in the city of Trier, explained Moulin’s explanation and reiterated how important it was that the collection had been in the city for centuries and was drawn from the holdings of the city’s monasteries and libraries. And the region: “It means that this good, which we have our communal responsibility here, is part of our identity. It’s part of the Trier.” The connection between the collection and the people and the cultural region from which it originated is so particularly close. In Trier, the stocks are in “original position”. Noahl also mentioned that the Ada Gospels are now in the process of being included in the World Documentary Heritage. If successful, Trier will join the exclusive circle of libraries that contain two artefacts that are part of the World Heritage List.
Finally, Mbach connects with Vienna and thus explains to the keynote speaker that the cover of Ada Gospel, introduced at St. Maximine in 1499, can be understood as a table of three emperors, not just Constantine the Great. Shown in the center of the cam, but Charlemagne was also a client in the Figure program, and finally the secular patron of the Habsburg Emperor Maximilian I, St. Maximine’s Abbey, a small, kneeling figure below, showing the boundaries of the Gospels from antiquity to antiquity. – Shrinking Representation – Another striking example of the importance that Moulin mentions in realizing the book as an object in its entirety.